Trentino has always been a borderland ruled by successive peoples. The miners who dug the earth and rock in medieval times in search of metals, the canopi, were a wandering group of workers of whom little is known today. The Rhaetians, an ancient ethnic group who left prehistorical remains wherever they settled, also stopped by here in search of copper, probably from the end of the third millennium BC. The Montesei are two hills a little over 600 metres tall at the entrance to the Valle dei Mocheni. In 1962, thanks mainly to the efforts of the researcher Renato Perini, excavations commenced there and many prehistorical and proto-historical finds were made, many of which are currently displayed in the MUSE Science Museum of Trento. The foundations of four dwellings are still visible at the site, laid out in a square grid and dating from between 450 and 100 BC. Iron utensils, bronze ornaments, pottery fragments and deer bones with alphabetiform inscriptions were found inside the buildings. Charred beams and badly melted implements suggest a terrible fire that forced the inhabitants of Montesei to flee. A glimpse of the beginnings of civilisation.